Who are the Khawarijis
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|Maximus Pontificus Islamicus|
|Political /Financial Clout|
Maximus Pontificus Islamicus
The rise of the Middle Eastern Pope.
As a declining Roman Empire is ceaselessly locked in civil wars, the Emperor Constantine is informed by Jesus in a vision to use the symbols “Chi” and “Rho” on the battle standards underneath which he places the words “In hoc signio vinces” (In this sign thou shalt conquer) , and thus is the birth of the Christian Maximus Pontificus also known as Pontifex Maximus . This ancient pagan office holder shaped the structure of Christianity and the Western World before its rejection by the Reformation  in its political, religious, economic and cultural forms. The objective is to compare the theological and political role of the ancient Church in the West to the similar role played by the ascendant Khawariji Modernists of today in the Broader Middle East.
The Maximus Pontificus was charged with bringing theological conformity into the broader very diverse marketplace in matters of theology; essentially pertaining to what was to be deemed sacred and the apocrypha?  Islam on the other hand, has been blessed over the millennia and half, with a lack of similar theological structure as a Church and has been better off for it too. The distinction is crucial when understanding why there was a need of a Reformation in Western Christianity, as opposed to the Broader Middle East also known as the Muslim World, therefore explaining the higher levels of religiosity in the Muslim World compared to the West. There was a distinct political ruler in the form of a Caliph or a Sultan, followed by a Grand Mufti  who was also restrained by theological heavy weights who were not in the employ of the state and could issue fatwa(pl) , and the believer is to follow even counter prevailing fatwa from other juristic positions if their heart desires based on their understanding of the Qur’an. This would explain the religious marketplace in the Broader Middle East was diverse and libertine, and essentially the rulers, who took guidance from the majority and weighty positions of the Ulema, and then formed law. When there is consensus in the marketplace, that certain opinions do not measure up to merits, then certain individuals and /or groups are deemed Khawariji  (seceders). In Western Christianity, as has been the historic practice, it is the Pope that excommunicates individuals and groups as he is God’s representative on earth, and has the sole power and capacity to interpret the scripture alone. Thus the focus of this article will be to highlight the emerging influence of the office of the ruler of Saudi Arabia, who represents the Wahabi-Saud Theological-Political Collusion  and the increasing role it plays in acting as the gateway of what is sacred and/or profane, thereby obfuscating and hijacking the Muslim social marketplace in matters of religion and politics, thereby functioning in a manner similar to the Maximus Pontificus in Western medieval times.
"Hanafi Islam is steeped in tradition of rational thought, is spiritual, and intellectual, whereas the Wahabi thought is rigid, reactionary, extreme and definitively lacks wisdom.Ã¢â‚¬Â
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